Marijuana and Glaucoma
This topic frequently comes up during some eye exams and as more states legalize (to date 24 states have ) this will become more of a topic of conversation in an exam. I hope you find this timely and relevant blog to be informative.
Marijuana has been used as medicine for over 4000 years. It is cheaper than many of todays pharmaceuticals which may be one of the biggest factors in the legalization fight because of lobbying money, but that aside this blog is not pro or con but instead wants to look at the facts. What is it typically “useful” for:
- Arthritis and other rheumatological disorders like Lupus
- Seizures and other neurological disorders like Tourettes and MS
- Appetite stimulant
- and many others
Research in the 1970 show using marijuana intravenously, orally or by smoking did have effect a persons intraocular pressure (IOP), but on the order that todays antiglaucoma meds do. So it is not as effective at maintaining lower IOP.
Breathing in the smoke and vapors of marijuana also leads to respiratory concern but unlike cigarettes there is no tar. It also lowers blood pressure, increases the heart rate and lowers testosterone levels. The High associated with the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can impair memory, coordination and attention.
It is classified by the FDA as Schedule 1 meaning it is addictive and of the approximately 10% that are addicted when they stop they experience similar withdrawal symptoms to those addicted to tobacco.
This is an evolving topic and as more states opt to stop the war on marijuana to help the strain on the states budgets. More studies show the pros and cons will continue fueling the debate on both sides. As for glaucoma use, I don’t think this is the magic pill or smoke, but we will continue to monitor developments. There are other more potentially beneficial uses in the treatment for other diseases and disorders like seizures and other neurological conditions.
BA Eye Site looking out for the eye health and vision of our citizens here in Northeastern Oklahoma.